From Beginner to Black Belt: The Ultimate Guide to Taekwondo Commands

“Charyeot” “Kyeongrye” Wait, what!

Why is everyone bowing down? Well, I don’t want to look like an idiot and I will also bow down!

What Are The Different Commands Of Taekwondo?
What Are The Different Commands Of Taekwondo?

We have all been there!

Who can blame us if our mother tongue is not Korean? If you have ever felt curious about what your Taekwondo instructor’s commands are, we will dive deep into each Taekwondo command that you will come across in your Taekwondo Journey.

Korean Taekwondo Commands

Commands in Taekwondo are carried out in the Korean Language.

Which Dojang you train in Taekwondo will determine how frequently Korean taekwondo commands are used.

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Without even realizing you will soon understand Taekwondo commands in Korean, the more Taekwondo CLASSES YOU ATTEND.

First, let’s get your burning questions out of the way.

How do you pronounce Taekwondo?

Taekwondo is pronounced Tae Gwon Doh.

What Is A Taekwondo School Called?

A taekwondo school is called dojang.

What Is A Taekwondo Student Called?


A Taekwondo student is called Sonbae (pronounced Son beh), and a senior student is called Sonbaenim (pronounced son bah neem).

Taekwondo students are sometimes also called Jeja (pronounced Jey jah)

What is Taekwondo Instructor Called?

A Taekwondo instructor is called Sabom (pronounced Sah bom)

How Do You Say Master In Korean Taekwondo?

What do you call your teacher in Taekwondo could be easily one of the most useful and essential terms to learn for your Taekwondo class. Taekwondo Master is called Kwanjang (pronounced Kwahn jahng)

Counting Numbers in Taekwondo

In almost all Taekwondo classes, an instructor will count in Korean.

One – Hana

Two – Dul

Three – Set

Four – Net

Five – Dasot

Six – Yasot

Seven – Elgub

Eight – Yodol

Nine – Ahob

Ten – Yol

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Taekwondo Dojo Commands

Your Taekwondo Instructor will most likely give Korean commands during your sessions, which could be confusing at first.

Who does not it is an entirely foreign language to you UNLESS YOU lived in Korea. 

Two commands you will hear a lot in your class is Attention (CHA RYUTHT) and Bow (KYUNGE NAE).

You soon will be following the orders without even realizing it.

If you are new and not sure, follow senior students ahead of you 🙂

Attention – Cha Ryutht 

Bow – Kyunge Nae

Line Up – Jong Lee 

Ready – Choon Bi 

Begin – Seijak

Stop – Gomahn

Break – Kalyeo

Sit – Ahnjoe 

Sit In Yoga Posture – Bah Ro Angi

Kneel – Kool O Angi

Switch Your Stance / Switch Feet – Bahl Bah Kwah

Relax – Shiuh

Continue – Kae Sok

In Your Own Time – Koo Ryng Op See

Fix Your Belt – Dhee Dahnjung

Fix Your Uniform – Dobok Dahnjung 

Turn – Dorah

Return to Starting Position – Bah Ro 

Stand – Elosoh 

Face Taekwondo Master – Sah Bum Nim Keh

Face Senior Student – Sun Bae Nim Keh

Face Each Other – Jwa Woo Hyang Woo

Face The Flag – Geuk Gi Hyang Ha Yoh

Class Dismissed – Hai Sahn

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Taekwondo Stances Commands

Following are lists of commands you may not need to understand as a white belt necessarily.

However, you should understand more Taekwondo Stance Commands as you move up to senior ranks and beyond. 

Stance – Sohgi sometimes also called Jah Seh, which means posture

Stance – Sogi

Ready Stance – Pyong Hi Sogi

Kicking Stance – Shagi Sogi

Fighting Stance – Mot Sogi

Sparring Stance – Kyorugi Sogi

Neutral Stance – Joong-rib Sogi

Natural Stance – Cha Yun Sogi

L Stance – Niun Ja Sogi

Back Stance – Dwi Gibi Sogi

Walking Stance – Kuht Neun Sogi

Basic Stance – Gibon sogi

Parallel Stance – Naranhee Sohgi

Front Stance – Ahb Gubi Sogi

Frong Bent Knee Stance – Aph Koo Bi Sogi

Close Stance – Mo Ah Sogi

Crossed Foot Stance – Koh Ah Sogi

Dynamic Stance – Dong Yuk Sogi

Sitting Stance – Ahnjun Spgi

Horse Stance – Juchoom Sogi

Twisted Stance – Poom Sogi

Tiger or Cat Stance – Beonm Sogi

Dynamic Stance – Dong Yuk Sogi

Diagonal Stance – Sa Sun Sogi

Taekwondo Kicks Commands

Taekwondo is known for a variety of kicks.

Being able to execute beautiful kicks is what you came to learn, right?

Here are the names for these stunning, powerful kicks:

Front Kick – Ap Chagi

Round House Kick (Turning Kick) – Dollyo Chagi

Side Kick – Yeop Chagi

Back Kick – Dwi Chagi

Axe Kick – Naeryeo Chagi

Hook Kick – Guligi Chagi

Reverse Round Kick – Bahndae Dolrya Chagi

Spinning Hook Kick – Dwi Huryeo Chagi

Tornado Kick – Dol Gae Chagi

Swing Kick – Naeryeo Chagi

Holding Kick – Japgo Chagi

Jumping Kick – Twi O Cha Gi

Jumping Front Kick – Eedan Ap Chagi

Scissor Kick – Kawi Chagi

Linear Kick – Illja Chagi

Thursting Kick – Jillo Chagi

Rolling Kick – Goollruh Chagi

Knee Strike – Moreup Chigi

Crescent Kick – Bandall Chagi

Combination/Consecutive Kick – Yung Seuk Chagi

Push Kick – Meereo Chagi

Stretching Kick – Cha Olligi

Hopping Kick – Natgeh Tdwim Yu Chagi

Swing Kick – Beakya Chagi

Stooping Kick – Nachu Oh Chagi

Jumping Kick – Tdwim Yah Chagi

Sliding Kick – Meekulmyu Chagi

Falling Kick/Leg Sweep – Ohpo Chagi

Flying Kick – Nalla Chagi

Taekwondo Punches Commands

We very rarely see punches used in Taekwondo competitions, but they are a vital part of Taekwondo.

Knuckle Fist Punch – Me Joomock Chi Gi

Hammer Fist Punch – Me Joomok Chi Gi

Hook Punch – Guligi Chi Gi

Double Punch – Doo Bun Chi Gi

Triple Punch – Sae Bun Chi Gi

Combination Punch – Yung Seuk Chi Gi 

Palm Strike – Ba Tang Son Tuck Chi Gi

Downward Punch – Nehryuk Chi Gi 

Knife Hand Punch – Sob Nal Chi Gi

Double Knife Hand Strike – Doo Son Nal Mok Chi Gi

Double Fist Punch – Doo Joomuk Chi Gi

Elbow Punch – Palkoop Chi Gi

Spear Fingers Punch – Son Nal Dung Chi Gi

Reverse Puch – Bahndae Chi Gi

Back Fist Punch – Dung Joomok Chi Gi

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Taekwondo Blocks Commands

We see Taekwondo in the Olympics and World Taekwondo Championships.

Sometimes, it is easy to forget the traditional art perspective of Taekwondo.

Taekwondo Blocks are essential for you to learn for your belt exam.

Assuming you want to get Taekwondo Black Belt soon in the distant future, the blocks’ learning name will serve you a long time in your Taekwondo Journey.

Block – Maggi

Down Block – Ahrae Maggi

Middle Block -Momtong Maggi

Rising Block – Cho Kyo Maggi

Inward Block – Ahnuro Mahki

Outside Block – Bahkuro Maggi

Palm Block – Ba Tang Son Maggi

Knife Hand Block – Son Nal Maggi

Double Knife Hand Block – Du Son Nal Kuh Dul A Maggi

Double Hand Block – Du Son Kuh Dul A Maggi

X Block – Yeot Pero Maggi

Twisting Block – Bituro Maggi

Spreading Block – Hecho Maggi

Scattered Block/Wedge Block – Hechuh Maggi

Diamond Shaped Block – Keumgang Maggi

Twin Block – Sahng Palmahk Maggi

Guarding Block – Daebi Mahki

Taekwondo Directions Commands

Directions commands were quite confusing for me as a beginner.

Truth be told, I still don’t know many by heart shhh… For Patterns, I just memoried the sequence rather than the name of directions.

Especially if you are a beginner it may be too many things to remember the name of direction as well as remember to block, kick or punch during your pattern.

However, you can make effort from the beginning to start learning the names of the direction.

Front – Aph

Back – Dwi

Reverse – Bahndae

Right – OO

Left – Joa

Low Section – Ahrae

Middle Section – Momtong 

High Section – Ulgool 

Inner – Ahn 

Outer – Bahkat

Inward – Ahnuro 

Outward – Bahkuru

Middle – Guande 

High – Whee

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Upward – Whee Uro

Taekwondo Hand Positions Commands

Your Dojang may not require you to remember the name of the hand position commands.

If you can say hand position commands in Korean your Taekonwdo master can’t help but will surely get impressed!

First – Joomok

Side Fist – Yup Joomuk 

Back Fist – Deung Joomuk

Hammer Fist – Me Joomuk

Two Kunckle Fist – Doo Bam Joomuk 

Thumb Kuckle Fist – Omji Joomuk

Fore Finger One Knuckle Fist – Inju Joomuuk

Knife Hand – Sahnkal

Knife Hand With Palm Up – Sahnkal Jecho

Back Hand – Sahn Deung or Deung Sahn

Open Fist – Pyun Joomuk

Spear Finger – Sahnkeut

Scissors Shaped Spear Fingers – Gawi Sahnkeut

Pincers Hand – Jipke Sahn

Ripping Hand – Galkwi Sahn 

Arc Hand – Ah Keum Sahn 

Palm Heel – Sahn Bahtong

WTF Taekwondo Refree Commands/ Korean Taekwondo Sparring Commands

For some people, Taekwondo could be a means of keeping fit.

However, you may want to compete at the Olympics or represent your country in National or International competitions where understanding Taekwondo Referee Commands are important.

Here are the Korean Taekwondo Sparring Commands you need to understand from Referee during your competition.

Blue – Chung

Red- Hong

Attention – Charyut

Start – Sijak

Stop – Kalyo

Warning – Kyong Go

Point – Jeum

Point Deduction – Gam Jeum

Out of Bounds – Keum Bahk

Disqualification – Shil Kyuk

Time Out – Shi Gan

Round – Jeon

Injury – Boo Sang

Tie – Bi Kim

Win – Seung

White – Hin

Dodge a technique through the use of footwork – Jajun Bahl/Nachugi

Match – Shihap

Chest Protector – Hogoo

Shin Guard – Jung Kang Yi Bohodae

Groin Cup – Nang Shim Bohodae

Protective Gloves – Sahn Boho Jang Kapa

Mouthguard – Eep Bohodae

Protective Head Gear – Muh Ree Bohodae

Forearm Guard – Pahlmahk Bohodae

Taekwondo Grading (Belt Test) Commands

Every grandmaster had to go through the Taekwondo Grading test.

If you are a junior belt in Taekwondo, your Taekwondo master may not be TOO HARSH if you forget some commands.

However, knowing the following commands will help you become more confident in your Taekwondo Test (here is what to if your fail your Taekwondo Test).

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As Junior Grade in Taekwondo (Yellow belt with a green stripe or below) or 7th Kup…

..YOU are required to understand Taekwondo commands of at least necessary punch, kicks, block, and basic taekwondo terms like Attention (Cha Ryuht), Bow (Kyung Nae), start (Sijak) among other things. 

Patterns – Tul

Taekwondo Uniform – Dobok

Four Direction – Sa Bang Hyang 

In Your Own Time – Koo Ryng Op See

Belt – Dhee

Face Taekwondo Master – Sah Bum Nim Keh

Face Senior Student – Sun Bae Nim Keh

Face Each Other – Jwa Woo Hyang Woo

Face The Flag – Geuk Gi Hyang Ha Yoh

Face Taekwondo Examiner – Simsa Kwan Nim Keh

Taekwodo Pattern 1 – Taegeuk Il Jang

Taekwodo Pattern 2 – Taegeuk Ee Jang

Taekwodo Pattern 3 – Taegeuk Sam Jang

Taekwodo Pattern 4 – Taegeuk Sa Jang

Taekwodo Pattern 5- Taegeuk Oh Jang

Taekwodo Pattern 6 – Taegeuk Yuk Jang

Taekwodo Pattern 7 – Taekeuk Chil Jang

Taekwodo Pattern 8 – Taegeuk Pal Jang

Taekwodo Black Belt Pattern 1 – Koryo

Taekwodo Black Belt Pattern 2 – Keumgang

Taekwodo Black Belt Pattern 3 – Taebaek

Taekwodo Black Belt Pattern 4 – Pyongwon

Taekwodo Black Belt Pattern 5 – Shipjin

Taekwodo Black Belt Pattern 6 – Jitae

Taekwodo Black Belt Pattern 7 – Cheonkwon

Taekwodo Black Belt Pattern 8 – Hansu

Taekwodo Black Belt Pattern 9 – Ilyo

For your Patterns/Forms revision this video series is a great resource I found helpful with my patterns revision.

Please bear in mind this is WTF Patterns and not ITF which may have slight variations.

If you are confused, ask your Taekwondo Master.

 ITF Patterns here are an excellent series of Patterns. 

Important Taekwondo Words and Commands

Besides the names of Kicks and Punches, Taekwondo, like every Material arts, is all about respecting the art and people you train with. 

We want to respect our officials, teachers, and call them with respectful names. 

Grandmaster – Kwang Jang Nim

Judge – Bu Sim 

Referee – Joo Sim

Time Keeper – Kae Sim

Recorder – Ki Rohk 

Pupil – Jeja

Grade – Gup 

Senior Student – Sun Bae Nim

Junior Student – Hu Bae Nim

Taekwondo Master/ Instructor – Sah Bum Nim

Chief Master/ Instructor – Chung Sah Nim

Founder Of The Art – Do Joo Nim

Rank – Kagup

Degree – Dan

Basic Taekwondo Commands

Every Dojang is different where your Taekwondo Master may focus more on meditation, for example, or defensive fighting techniques.

Depending on your dojang, your Taekwondo instructor may use different Korean words during your lessons to give you commands. Here is a list of popular Korean commands you may find useful to learn: 

Meditation – Mukyum

Breathing – Ho Hyoop

Stretching – Pyugi

Yell – Kihap

Focus – Chojum

Power or Force – Himm

Self Defense – Hosinsool

Offense – Gong Kyok

The Right Way – Jung Do 

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Other Taekwondo Commands

Most Western Taekwondo Dojang will not use these commands in classes. However, it is excellent to know these words for your development in Taekwondo. 

Korean culture is polite and humble. It is never a bad idea to respect your seniors and juniors in your class by learning kind words. 

Respect – Jon Gyung

Innovation/Determination/Courage: BaekJoon

Thank You – Kahm Sa Hamnida

Integrity – Yom Chi

Honesty – Jung Jhik

Courtesy – Ye Ui

Self-control – Kuk Gi

Loyalty – Choong Sung

Perseverance – In Nae

Mental Strength – Jung Shin Yuk 

Mind and Body Discipline – Sim Shin Dahn Ryun

Yes – Ye

No – Anio

Congratulations – Cheuk Ka Hamnida

I understand – Ahlge Seoyo

I don’t Understand – Moreuge Seoyo

Welcome – Eoseo Osayo

Excuse Me – Shillye Hamnida

Pleased To Meet You – Pangap Seunida

Hello – Yobeseyo

See You Later – Toh Poepkeseoyo

Family – Kahjok

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